Joris van der Veer is a PhD candidate at the Department of Sociology at Erasmus University Rotterdam.
As part of the MAAK 2020 project (Het Middensegment op de Arbeidsmarkt en Aanpassing aan de Kenniseconomie in 2020), my PhD project aims to understand how processes of technological change and globalisation affect unemployment.
Our theoretical framework consists of several (often competing) theories that relate technological change and globalisation to labour market outcomes such as unemployment. For instance, the use of technology could substitute for specific types of labour, thereby ‘taking over’ certain jobs. On the other hand, new technology could increase the need for workers who have the skills needed to work with this technology.
Our goal is to come to a systematic test of these theories, using data from European countries over the past two decades. Taking into account the heterogeneity of these countries, we use the Varieties of Capitalism literature to identify relevant institutions, such as inter-firm relations, the labour market and the educational system, which possibly moderate the influence of technological change and globalisation on unemployment.
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