Dr. G.M. (Georgina) Gomez

International Institute of Social Studies (ISS)
Erasmus University Rotterdam

I am fascinated by the diversity of forms of organising local economic governance. My interests focus on patterns of collaboration and competition around the configuration of money, markets and enterprises. My research covers complementary currency systems, local markets, local production systems and social economy organisations. I approach these topics from an evolutionary and institutional perspective, because I consider institutions are the most essential brick in the structuring of socio- economic life. 

  • G.M. Gomez, P.V.V. da silva Goulart, A. Corradi & R. y Namara (Ed.). (2010). Participation for what? Social change or social control? The Hague: ISS/Erasmus University Rotterdam & HIVOS
  • G.M. Gomez, A.A. Corradi, P.V.V. da silva Goulart & R. y Namara (Ed.). (2010). Participation for what: Social change or docial control? The Hague: ISS and Hivos
  • G.M. Gomez (2009). Argentina’s Parallel Currency. The economy of the poor (Series on Financial History, 11). London: Pickering & Chatto Publishers
  • G.M. Gomez (2008). Making markets. The institutional rise and decline of the Argentine Red de Trueque. The Hague: Institute of Social Studies
  • G.M. Gomez (2016). Matching Cash and Kind: Argentina’s Experimentation with Multiple Currencies, 1995–2005. In B. Batiz-Lazo & L. Efthymiou (Eds.), The Book of Payments. Historical and Contemporary Views on the Cashless Society (pp. 65-74). Basingtoke: Palgrave Macmillan
  • G.M. Gomez & H.A. Ritchie (2016). The Institutional Foundations of Civic Innovation. In K. Biekart, W. Harcourt & P. Knorringa (Eds.), Exploring Civic Innovation for Social and Economic Transformation (Routledge Studies in Development Economics) (pp. 20-40). Abington, UK; New York, NY: Routledge
  • G.M. Gomez (2016). Building Local Agency: The Case of a Nicaraguan Association in the Coffee Global Value Chain. In G.M. Gómez & P. Knorringa (Eds.), Local Governance, Economic Development and Institutions (EADI Global Development Series) (pp. 182-200). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan UK
  • G.M. Gomez, P. Knorringa & A.A. Corradi (2016). Introduction. In G..M. Gomez & P. Knorringa (Eds.), Local Governance, Economic Development and Institutions (EADI Global Development Series) (pp. 1-16). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan
  • G.M. Gomez (2015). La agencia local y la estructuración del sistema de gobernanza: el caso de la ONG nicaragüense Pueblos en Acción Comunitaria. In R. Rosales Ortega & L. Brenner (Eds.), Geografía de la gobernanza : dinámicas multiescalares de los procesos económico-ambientales (Sociologia y Politica) (pp. 73-93). México, D.F.: Siglo XXI & UAM
  • G.M. Gomez (2015). Balancing growth and solidarity in community currency systems: the case of the Trueque in Argentina. In P. Utting (Ed.), Social and Solidarity Economy : Beyond the Fringe (pp. 221-235). London: ZED books
  • S. Ferragut & G.M. Gomez (2013). From the Street to the Store. The Formalization of Street Vendors in Quito, Ecuador. In I. Hillenkamp, F. Lapeyre & A Lemaître (Eds.), Securing Livelihoods. Informal Economy Practices and Institutions (pp. 214-234). Oxford: Oxford University Press
  • S.M. Borras, J.C. Franco, G.M. Gomez, C. Kay & M. Spoor (2013). Land grabbing in Latin America and the Caribbean. In B. White, S.M. Borras, R. Hall, I. Scoone & W. Wolford (Eds.), The new enclosures: critical perspectives on corporate land deals. London: Routledge
  • G.M. Gomez (2012). La formacion de precios en las Redes de Trueque. In R. Orzi (Ed.), La moneda social como lazo social (Moneda Social y Mercados Solidarios II) (pp. 177-204). Buenos Aires, Argentina: Universidad Nacional de Lujan - Ediciones Ciccus
  • G.M. Gomez & P. Patrón (2012). Viejos agentes con nuevos recursos: una mirada a la economía institucional del canon minero en Perú. In R. Rosales Ortega, L. Brenner & C. Mendoza (Eds.), Geografía económica y social: actores, instituciones y procesos globales (pp. 97-115). México: Siglo XXI Editores / Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana
  • G.M. Gomez (2012). Bytteringer - Bare i Argentina. In J. Loge (Ed.), Latin-Amerikanske Losninger (Latin-Amerikaboken, 2012) (pp. 90-92). Oslo: Latin-Amerikagruppene I Norge (LAG)
  • G.M. Gomez & A.H.J. Helmsing (2010). Social Entrepreneurship: A Convergence of NGOs and the Market Economy? In A. Fowler & C. Malunga (Eds.), NGO Management: The Earthscan Companion (Earthscan Reader Series) (pp. 388-402). London: Earthscan
  • G.M. Gomez (2010). Non-participatory reform and institutional gaps: The re-organisation of Argentina¿s industrial sector in the nineties. In Participation for what: Social change or social control? (pp. 39-51) The Hague: ISS and Hivos
  • G.M. Gomez (2006). `Le Réseau De Trueque Zone Ouest, Partenaire De L¿économie Locale¿. In Jérôme Blanc (Ed.), Rapport Exclusion Et Liens Financiers 2005-06, Monnaies Sociales (pp. 497-513). Paris: Economica
  • G.M. Gomez (2015). What can experiences of complementary currencies in North and South learn from each other? (blog). Ciri-blog: CIRI. (available: 1 Jul 2015).
  • G.M. Gomez (2013). Meta-Analysis; A comparison of intervention strategies to support growth and enterprise creation among microenterprises. (Extern rapport, Knowledge Programme ISS - Woord en Daad, no 4). Gorinchem and The Hague: ISS and Woord en Daad
  • I. Turcotte & G.M. Gomez (2013). Case Study III - Does BDS support growth and employment creation among microenterprises? A case from Benin. (Extern rapport, Knowledge Programme ISS- Woord en Daad, no 3). Gorinchem and The Hague: ISS - Woord en Daad
  • I. Turcotte & G.M. Gomez (2013). Case Study II – Does microfinance support growth and employment creation among micro and small enterprises? A Case study in Burkina Faso. (Extern rapport, Knowledge Programme ISS- Woord & Daad, no 2). Gorinchem and The Hague: ISS- Woord en Daad
  • G.M. Gomez (2011). What does Fair Trade Original contribute to its partner organisations? (Extern rapport). Culemborg: Fair Trade Original
  • G.M. Gomez (2010). An economically sustainable social enterprise in micro-finance and farmers¿ services: PAC (Association Pueblos en Acción Comunitaria) in Nicaragua. Paper presented at the conference “Value chain governance and endogenous economic growth: how can NGOs, firms and governments achieve inclusion and poverty reduction?: ISS, The Hague (2010, september 28).
  • G.M. Gomez & A.H.J. Helmsing (2010). NGOs venturing in the market economy: Is it good news? Paper presented at the Third Annual Conference of the Association for Nonprofit and Social Economy Research (ANSER): Montreal (2010, juni 2 - 2010, juni 4).
  • G.M. Gomez (2010). The ¿division of labour¿ between the monies of Argentina (2000-2005). Workshop De-teleologising Money and Its Theory: Paris (2010, december 6 - 2010, december 7).
  • A.H.J. Helmsing & G.M. Gomez (2009). Civil society and the economy. A discussion.
  • G.M. Gomez (2009). Haciendo Mercados. Las Redes de Trueque en la Argentina. Paper presented at Seminario Internacional Globalización Económica y Gobernanza Ambiental: retos para la Geografía Humana: Mexico (2009, oktober 21 - 2009, oktober 23).
  • G.M. Gomez (2009). Mastering the crisis: sustaining governance in the Argentine complementary currency systems. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the European Association for Evolutionary Political Economy: University of Amsterdam (2009, november 6 - 2009, november 8).
  • G.M. Gomez (2009). What if we make ourselves some money? The origins of the Argentine Red de Trueque as a complementary currency system. Paper presented at the International Conference on Paper Money in Theory and Practice in History: New York (2009, april 16 - 2009, april 18).
  • G.M. Gomez (2008). Buying from global markets or from local markets: what is the deal for the poor? Paper presented at International Conference on ‘Apparent Antithesis: Globalisation and Local Development’: Trento (2008, oktober 9 - 2008, oktober 11).
  • G.M. Gomez (2008). The three markets of Argentine cities: Do Complementary Currency Systems help the poor buy more? Paper presented at the International Symposium ‘Cities of Extremes’: The Hague (2007, oktober 15).
  • G.M. Gomez (2008). Do micro-enterprises promote equity or growth? (Extern rapport). Gorinchem: Woord & Daad[go to publisher's site]
  • G.E. Berner, G.M. Gomez & P. Knorringa (2008). The Logic of Survival Entrepreneurs and the Moral Economy of the Slum. Conference on Entrepreneurship and Economic Development: Concepts, Measurements, and Impacts: Helsinki (2008, augustus 21 - 2008, augustus 23).
  • G.M. Gomez (2006). Re-placing money for local economic development. The Red de Trueque in Argentina. Paper presented at the First Annual Garnet International conference ‘Global Financial and Monetary Governance, the EU, and Emerging Market Economies’: Amsterdam (2006, september 27 - 2006, september 29).
  • G.M. Gomez (2006). Capacity and institutional building: a secondary market for the poor. The Red de Trueque in Argentina. Paper presented at the 4th Development Dialogue ‘Capacity building in practice: does it really matter for development?’: Institute of Social Studies, The Hague (2006, juni 9).
  • G.M. Gomez (2006). A market in the making: the Red de Trueque in Argentina. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the European Association for Evolutionary Political Economy: Galatasaray University, Istanbul (2006, november 2 - 2006, november 4).
  • G.M. Gomez & P. Knorringa (Ed.). (2016). Local Governance, Economic Development and Institutions. (EADI Global Development Series). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan UK
  • G.M. Gomez (2016, juni 1). Varieties of money and currency circuits in Argentina (2000-2002). Sciences Po, Lyon, France, Monetary Institutionalisms in the French-Speaking World.
  • G.M. Gomez (2015, augustus 5). Why do people want a currency? Kyoto, Japan, 27th World Economic History Congress 'Diversity in Development'.
  • G.M. Gomez & J.W. de Wit (2015, oktober 29). Contestation and Contradicions in the Argentine Redes de Trueque. Salvador do Bahia, Brazil, 3rd International Conference on Social and Complementary Currencies.
  • G.M. Gomez (Ed.). (2015) International Journal of Community Currency Research, 19(D).[go to publisher's site]
  • G.M. Gomez (2015, november 27). Monetary disunion - the nature of money and the Argentine currencies at the turn of the Millennium. Warburg, Germany, DAMIN Workshop "Conflict Potentials in Monetary Unions".
  • G.M. Gomez (2015, juli 3). What's the issue of scale in the Social Economy? Looking at Complementary Currencies worldwide. Bolsena, Italy, CIRI Summer School.
  • G.M. Gomez (2014, juni 28). Scaling-up: is it really necessary? Villarceau, France, 2nd Study retreat for Actors and Scholars: The challenge of “scaling-up”, Veblen Foundation Annual Meeting on Social Transitions.
  • G.M. Gomez (2014, juli 17). The Nicaraguan farmers’ association PAC: from providing international aid to reorganizing the local production system. Montevideo, Uruguay, 17th Conference of the International Association for the Economics of Participation (IAFEP).
  • G.M. Gomez (2014, september 12). Why do people want their own currency? Money for a day: a social experiment in Argentina. Greenwich, London (UK), Inaugural Conference of the World Interdisciplinary Network for Institutional Research Inaugural (WINIR), Institutions that change the world.
  • G.M. Gomez (2014, oktober 25). La moneda social en la Argentina: Comparación con España. Valencia, Spain, 3er Encuentros Estatal de Monedas Sociales.
  • G.M. Gomez (2014, april 10). Vertientes de desarrollo local. San Juan, Puerto Rico, 3rd Internacional Workshop: Nuevos Desafíos del Desarrollo para América Latina y el Caribe, Sociedad Sinergia, 9 - 11 April 2014.
  • G.M. Gomez (2013). Trading Scale for Solidarity in the Community Currency Systems in Argentina. International Conference on Potential and Limits of Social and Solidarity Economy: Geneva, Switzerland (2013, mei 6 - 2013, mei 8).
  • G.M. Gomez (2013). Variedades y enfoques al desarrollo económico local. Foro universidad y desarrollo local, Universidad de los Llanos, Sede San Antonio: Villavicencio, Colombia (2013, mei 24).
  • G.M. Gomez (2013). Neither private nor public. The Argentine Clubes de Trueque as club markets. II International Conference on Complementary and Community Currency Systems: The Hague, The Netherlands (2013, juni 19 - 2013, juni 23).
  • G.M. Gomez (2013). Money for a day. Workshop The Quality of Money: Paris, France (2013, december 6).
  • G.M. Gomez (2013). Meta-Analysis; A comparison of intervention strategies to support growth and enterprise creation among microenterprises. Workshop on Knowledge Partnership: Gorinchem, The Netherlands (2013, december 17).
  • G. Ncube & G.M. Gomez (2013). Remittances in Rural Zimbabwe: From Consumption to Investment? Inclusive Growth in Africa: Measurement, Causes, and Consequences: Helsinki (2013, september 20 - 2013, september 21).

Editorial positions

  • International Journal of Community Currency Research

    Chief Editor

Side positions

  • Research Association on Monetary Innovation and Complementary Currency Systems



Visiting address

Office: G I4-12
Kortenaerkade 12
2518 AX The Hague

Postal address

Postbus 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam