C.J.M. (Karin) Arts

International Institute of Social Studies (ISS)
Erasmus University Rotterdam

Profile Chair in International Law and Development

Law is a major factor in processes of development and/or transition, either as an instrument of change or as a vehicle for guarding the status quo. In recent decades, various developments have brought about a situation where national legal orders and processes for tackling development, equity and human rights issues are increasingly exposed to the sphere, if not the rule, of international law. These developments include a relatively widespread intensification of international cooperation (e.g. through international organizations such as the United Nations or through regional organizations such as the European Union, the African Union or the Organization of American States); economic and social globalization; and growing (and renewed) ideas about interdependence and common responsibility for overcoming major global challenges, such as climate change as well as massive and/or flagrant violations of human rights.
This Chair focuses on the following, interrelated and mutually reinforcing academic fields:

  • the role of international law as an instrument of change and/or constraint for realizing equitable development and human rights world-wide;
  • the role of international organizations and institutions for realizing the right to development, with special emphasis on the development cooperation policies of the European Union;
  • the contents and implications of (human) rights-based approaches to development;
  • the role of global human rights instruments in supporting the institutionalization of specific national action for realizing development, equity and human rights on the ground, with, at least initially, a special emphasis on the track record of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child.
  • K. Arts (2017). Inclusive Sustainable Development: A Human Rights Perspective. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 24, 58-62. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2017.02.001[go to publisher's site]
  • K. Arts, A. Tamo & Y. Xu (2017). The Right to Development in International Law: New Momentum Thirty Years Down the Line? Chinese Review of International Law, 26-46.
  • J. Gupta & K. Arts (2017). Achieving the 1.5 °C Objective: Just Implementation Through a Right to (Sustainable) Development Approach. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, 18 (1), 11-28. doi: DOI 10.1007/s10784-017-9376-7[go to publisher's site]
  • K. Arts & T.A. Atabongawung (2016). The Right to Development in International Law: New Momentum Thirty Years Down the Line? Netherlands International Law Review, 63 (3), 221-249. doi: 10.1007/s40802-016-0066-x
  • K. Arts (2015). Reflections on Human Rights in the Netherlands. Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights, 33 (4), 374-381.
  • K. Arts (2014). Twenty-Five Years of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child: Achievements and Challenges. Netherlands International Law Review, 61 (3), 267-303. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0165070X14001272
  • K. Arts (2011). 21 jaar VN-verdrag voor de Rechten van het Kind : een volwassen bijdrage aan kinderrechten in de wereld? Internationale Spectator, 65 (6), 336-340.
  • K. Arts (2008). Respons: Israel en Barbertje (2): De pot verwijt de ketel (Response: Scapegoat Israel (2): The pot calls the cattle black). Internationale Spectator, 62 (11), 626.
  • Y. Heselmans & K. Arts (2007). Children as Distinct Target Group for Policy: Childrens Rights in Development Cooperation (in Dutch original title: Kinderen als Aparte Doelgroep Binnen het Beleid: Kinderrechten in Ontwikkelingssamenwerking), followed by response vision of Members of Parliament. Tijdschrift voor de Rechten van het Kind, 17 (3), 11-13.
  • K. Arts (2003). ACP-EU Relations in a New Era: The Cotonou Agreement. Common Market Law Review, 40 (1), 95-116.
  • K. Arts (2003). Meeting the Human Rights commitment of the Cotonou Agreement: Political Dialogue requires Investment. ACP-EU Courier, 200 (September), 21-23.
  • K. Arts (2003). Announcement of the Book 'Responding to the Human Rights Deficit: Essays in Honour of Bas de Gaay Fortman'. Internationale Spectator, 1.
  • K. Arts (2001). ACP-EU Development Cooperation in a new Phase: The Cotonou Agreement. Griffin's View on International and Comparative Law, 2 (1), 42-46.
  • K. Arts (2000). Integrating Human Rights into Development Cooperation: Easier Said than Done. IDEA Newsletter.
  • K. Arts (2000). EU Development Cooperation and Human Rights: Slow Practice (in Dutch). Inzet, 9 (48), 22-23.
  • K. Arts, M. de Bonth, M. Brink & L. Droesen (1998). The Universal Declaration on Human Rights: Universal Rights for Men and Women? [in Dutch]. Ned. Tijdschrift voor Mensenrechten(NJCM Bulletin), 23, 1023-1036.
  • K. Arts & J.M. Byron (1997). The Mid-Term Review of the Lom¿ Convention: Heralding the Future? Third World Quarterly, 18, 73-91.
  • K. Arts (1996). The Fourth Lom¿ Convention Re-negotiated: ACP-EU Relations Facing an Uncertain Future (in Dutch). Internationale Spectator, 50, 148-152.
  • K. Arts (1993). The International Protection of Children's Rights in Africa: The 1990 OAU Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child. African Journal of Intern. and Comparative Law, 5, 139-162.
  • K. Arts (1991). Het vierde verdrag van Lom¿ (The Fourth Lom¿ Convention). Internationale Spectator, 45, 546-53.
  • K. Arts (1990). De Europese Gemeenschap, ontwikkelingssamenwerking en mensenrechten. Europa Periodiek, 7, 17-19.
  • K. Arts (1989). The Legal Status and Functioning of the United Nations Council for Namibia. Leiden Journal of International Law, 2, 194-208.
  • K. Arts, T.A. Atabongawung & K. De Feyter (2016). UN Declaration on the Right to Development 1986 - 2016, Ways to Promote Further Progress in Practice: Preadviezen (Mededelingen van de Nederlandse Vereniging voor Internationaal Recht, 143). The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press
  • M. Ponce de León, K. Arts & P. Pinto Leite (Ed.). (2012). El Derecho Internacional y La Cuestion del Sáhara Occidental. Leiden and Oporto: International Platform of Jurists for East Timor
  • K. Arts & J.D. Handmaker (Ed.). (2010). Cultures of Constitutionalism [subsection]. The Hague: Hague Academic Press
  • K. Arts & A.K. Dickson (Ed.). (2009). EU development cooperation: From model to symbol. Manchester: Manchester University Press
  • V. Chapau, K. Arts & P.P. Leite (2009). Le droit international et la question du Sahara occidental. Leiden/Oporto: IPJET (International Platform of Jurists for East Timor)
  • K. Arts & P.P. Leite (2007). International Law and the Question of Western Sahara. Leiden: International Platform of Jurists for East Timor
  • K. Arts & V. Popovski (2006). International Criminal Accountability and the Rights of Children. Den Haag: Hague Academic Press
  • K. Arts & A. Dickson (2004). European Development Policy: From Model to Symbol? Manchester: Manchester University Press
  • K. Arts & P.B. Mihyo (2003). Responding to the Human Rights Deficit: Essays in Honour of Bas de Gaay Fortman. The Hague: Kluwer Law International
  • K. Arts (2000). Integrating Human Rights into Development Cooperation: The Case of the Lome Convention. The Hague: Kluwer Law International
  • K. Arts (2018). Participation in Multilateral Treaties. In Seokwoo Lee and Hee Eun Lee (Ed.), Asian Yearbook of International Law (Vol. 21) (pp. 235-259). Leiden Boston: Brill Nijhoff
  • K. Arts (2017). Participation in Multilateral Treaties. In Kevin Y.L. Tan (Ed.), Asian Yearbook of International law (Vol. 19 (2013)) (pp. 171-200). Pohang (South Korea): Foundation for the Development of International Law in Asia (DILA) in coll. with Handong International Law School
  • K. Arts (2016). Participation in Multilateral Treaties: editorial introduction. In K.Y.L. Tan (Ed.), Asian Yearbook of International Law, vol. 18 (2012) (pp. 100-126). Pohang (South Korea): Foundation for the Development of International Law in Asia (DILA) in coll. with the Handong International Law School, South Korea[go to publisher's site]
  • K. Arts & T.A. Atabongawung (2016). Revitalizing the Right to Development in International Law. In C.J.M. Arts, A. Tamo & K. De Feyter (Eds.), UN Declaration on the Right to Development 1986 - 2016, Ways to Promote Further Progress in Practice: Preadviezen (Mededelingen van de Nederlandse Vereniging voor Internationaal Recht, 143) (pp. 1-32). Den Haag: Asser Press
  • K. Arts (2014). Participation in Multilateral Treaties. In K.Y.L. Tan, Hee.Eun Lee, J. Rehman & S. Khair (Eds.), Asian Yearbook of International Law (vol. 17, 2011) (pp. 161-186). Pohang (South Korea): Foundation for the Development of International Law in Asia (DILA) and Handong International Law School, South Korea[go to publisher's site]
  • M. Ambrus, K. Arts, E. Hey & H. Raulus (2014). The Role of Experts in International and European Decision-Making Processes: Setting the Scene. In M. Ambrus, K. Arts, E. Hey & H. Raulus (Eds.), The Role of 'Experts' in International and European Decision-Making Processes: Advisors, Decision Makers or Irrelevant Actors? (pp. 1-16) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
  • K. Arts (2014). Countering Violence Against Children in the Philippines: Positive RBA practice examples from Plan. In P. Gready & W. Vandenhole (Eds.), Human Rights and Development in the New Milennium: Towards a Theory of Change (pp. 149-176). London and New York: Routledge
  • K. Arts (2013). Participation in Multilateral Treaties. In K.Y.L Tan, Hee.Eun Lee, J. Rehman & S. Khair (Eds.), Asian Yearbook of International Law (vol. 16, 2010) (pp. 155-184). Pohang (South Korea): Foundation for the Development of International Law in Asia (DILA) and Handong International Law School, South Korea[go to publisher's site]
  • K. Arts (2013). Lomé/Cotonou Conventions. In R. Wolfrum & F. Lachenmann (Eds.), Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press
  • K. Arts (2012). Participation in Multilateral Treaties. In B.S. Chimni, M. Masahiro & J. Rehman (Eds.), Asian Yearbook of International Law (vol. 15, 2009) (pp. 211-233). London: Routledge
  • K. Arts (2012). Caught in the Middle of Persistent Conflict. The Rights of Palestinian Children. In I. Boerefijn, L. Henderson, R. Janse & R. Weaver (Eds.), Human Rights and Conflict: Essyas in Honour of Bas de Gaay Fortman (pp. 325-345). Cambridge, etc.: Intersentia
  • K. Arts (2011). Participation in Multilateral Treaties. In B.S. Chimni, M. Masahiro & Li-ann Thio (Eds.), Asian Yearbook of International Law (vol. 14, 2008) (pp. 225-246). London: Routledge
  • K. Arts (2011). Statement made during the Working Session of the ILA Committee on International Law , 19 August 2010. In International Law Association (Ed.), Report of the Seventy-Fourth Conference The Hague (pp. 822). London: International Law Association
  • K. Arts & B. de Gaay Fortman (2011). Comments on ¿Minority Rights¿: A Majority Problem? In H. Harbers (Ed.), Strangeness and Familiarity: Global Unity and Diversity in Human Rights and Democracy (pp. 265-269). Groningen: FORUM, Institute for Multicultural Affairs / Faculty of Philosophy, Groningen University
  • K. Arts (2011). Rechtsbescherming van Mensenrechten in Nederland: Mag het een Onsje Meer zijn? In B. Niemeijer, M. Smit & P. Winkelman (Eds.), Internationalisering, Veiligheid en Recht (pp. 28-34). Den Haag: Ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie
  • K. Arts (2011). The European Union, Development Cooperation and Human Rights at a Crossroads. In Wolfgang Benedek et al. (Ed.), European Yearbook on Human Rights 2011 (pp. 286-296). Antwerp, Berlin, Vienna, Graz: European Academic Press, Berliner Wissenschftsverlag, Intersentia, Neuer Wissenschtflicher Verlag
  • J.D. Handmaker & K. Arts (2010). Building a constitutional culture: comparative perspectives. In S. Muller & M. Frishman (Eds.), The Dynamics of Constitutionalism in the Age of Globalisation. The Hague: Hague Academic Coalition
  • K. Arts & J.D. Handmaker (2010). Cultures of Constitutionalism: An Introduction. In M. Frishman & S. Muller (Eds.), The Dynamics of Constitutionalism in the Age of Globalisation (From Peace to Justice Series) (pp. 49-55). The Hague: Hague Academic Press
  • K. Arts (2009). Statement made during the Informal Working Session of the ILA Committee on Non-State Actors, 18 August 2008. In International Law Association (Ed.), Report of the Seventy-Third Conference Rio de Janeiro (pp. 248). London: International Law Association
  • K. Arts (2009). Statement made during the Working Session of the ILA Committee on International Law on Sustainable Development, 21 August 2008. In International Law Association (Ed.), Report of the Seventy-Third Conference Rio de Janeiro (pp. 943-946). London: International Law Association
  • K. Arts (2009). The European Community¿s Contribution to the Fight Against Poverty in Developing Countries: Normative and Real? In T. Giegerich, A. Zimmermann & J. Delbrück (Eds.), German Yearbook of International Law (2008) (pp. 217-250). Berlin: Duncker & Humblot
  • K. Arts (2009). A Child Rights Perspective on Climate Change. In M.A. Mohamed Salih (Ed.), Climate Change and Sustainable Development: New Challenges for Poverty Reduction (pp. 79-93). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar
  • K. Arts (2009). A Human Rights-Based Approach to the ACP-EU European Partnership Agreements: Issues and Implications. In G. Faber & J. Orbie (Eds.), Beyond Market Access for Economic Development: EU-Africa Relations in Transition (pp. 279-303). London: Routledge
  • K. Arts (2009). Participation in Multilateral Treaties. In B.S Chimni, M. Masahiro & Li-ann Thio (Eds.), Asian Yearbook of International Law (vol. 13, 2007) (pp. 261-281). London: Routledge
  • K. Arts (2009). Introduction. In V. Chapau, K. Arts and P.P. Leite (Ed.), Le droit international et la question du Sahara occidental (pp. 13-19). Leiden/Oporto: IPJET (International Platform of Jurists for East Timor)
  • K. Arts (2009). Changing Interests in EU Development Cooperation: the Impact of EU Membership and Advancing Integration. In A. Dickson & K. Arts (Eds.), EU development cooperation: From model to symbol (pp. 101-112). Manchester: Manchester University Press
  • K. Arts & A.K. Dickson (2009). Conclusions: The Potential and Limits of EU Development Cooperation Policy. In K. Arts & A. Dickson (Eds.), EU development cooperation: From model to symbol (pp. 149-152). Manchester: Manchester University Press
  • K. Arts & A.K. Dickson (2009). European Development Policy: From Model to Symbol? In K. Arts & A.K. Dickson (Eds.), European Development Policy: From Model to Symbol? (pp. 1-16) Manchester: Manchester University Press
  • K. Arts (2007). African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Countries. In J.A. Scholte (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Globalization (pp. 12-14). New York: The Moschovitis Group
  • K. Arts (2007). Participation in Multilateral Treaties. In B.S. Chimni, M. Masahiro & Li-ann Thio (Eds.), Asian Yearbook of International Law (vol. 12, 2005-2006) (pp. 233-259). Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff
  • K. Arts (2006). Gender aspects of the Cotonou Agreement. In M. Lister & M. Carbone (Eds.), European Development Policy in Practice: Gender and Civil Society
  • K. Arts (2006). Gender in ACP-EU Relations: the Cotonou Agreement. In M. Lister & M. Carbone (Eds.), New pathways in international development : gender and civil society in EU policy (pp. 31-43). Aldershot/Brookfield: Ashgate
  • K. Arts (2006). International Law, Criminal Accountability and the Rights of the Child. In International criminal accountability and the rights of children (pp. 17). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
  • K. Arts (2006). Participation in Multilateral Treaties. In B.S. Chimni, M. Masahiro & S.P. Subedi (Eds.), Asian Yearbook of International Law (vol. 11, 2003-2004) (pp. 243-263). Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff
  • K. Arts (2005). Development Cooperation and Human Rights: ACP-EU Relations. In R.K. Smith & C. Anker van den (Eds.), The Essentials of Human Rights (pp. 88-91). London: Hodder Arnold
  • K. Arts (2005). Participation in Multilateral Treaties. In B.S. Chimni, M. Masahiro & S.P. Subedi (Eds.), Asian Yearbook of International Law (vol. 10, 2001-2002) (pp. 265-290). Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff
  • K. Arts (2005). Political Dialogue in a 'new' Framework. In O. Babarinde & G. Faber (Eds.), The European Union and the Developing Countries: The Cotonou Agreement (pp. 155-175). Leiden: Brill
  • K. Arts (2004). Participation in Multilateral Treaties. In B.S. Chimni, M. Masahiro & S.P. Subedi (Eds.), Asian Yearbook of International Law (vol. 9, 2000) (pp. 281-300). Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff
  • K. Arts (2004). Statement for the Working Session of the ILA Committee on International Law of Sustainable Development. In Chapter (pp. 601-603). London: International Law Association
  • K. Arts & A. Dickson (2004). EU Development Cooperation: from Model to Symbol? In - (pp. 16). Manchester: Manchester University Press
  • K. Arts & A. Dickson (2004). Conclusions: The Potential and Limits of EU Development Cooperation Policy. In - (pp. 149-152). Manchester: Manchester University Press
  • K. Arts (2004). Changing interests in EU Development Cooperation: The impact of EU Membership and Advancing Integration. In - (pp. 101-112). Manchester: Manchester University Press
  • K. Arts & J. Gupta (2004). Climate Change and Hazardous Waste Law: Developing International Law of Sustainable Development. In N. Schrijver & F. Weiss (Eds.), International Law and Sustainable Development: Principle and Practice (pp. 519-551). Leiden; Boston: Martinus Nijhoff
  • K. Arts (2003). Participation in Multilateral Treaties. In B.S. Chimni, Sik Ko Swan, M. Masahiro, M.C.W. Pinto & S.P. Subedi (Eds.), Asian Yearbook of International Law (vol. 8, 1998-1999) (pp. 173-196). Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff
  • K. Arts & P.B. Mihyo (2003). The Human Rights Deficit: Root Causes and Efforts to Address it. In Responding to the human rights deficit : essays in honour of Bas de Gaay Fortman (pp. 21). The Hague: Kluwer Law International
  • K. Arts (2001). Participation in Multilateral Treaties. In Ko Swan Sik, M.C.W. Pinto & S.P. Subedi (Eds.), Asian Yearbook of International Law (vol. 7, 1997) (pp. 321-342). London: Kluwer Law
  • K. Arts (1999). Development Cooperation and Human Rights: Turbulent Times for EU Policy. In - (pp. 7-27). Boulder: Westview Press
  • K. Arts (1998). Children's Rights in Africa. In - (pp. 417). The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Institute
  • K. Arts (1998). Principles of Cooperation for Development in ACP-EC Relations. In - (pp. 86-97). London: Kluwer Academic Publishers
  • K. Arts (1998). Participation in Multilateral Treaties. In . Ko Swan Sik, M.C.W. Pinto & J.J.G. Syatauw (Eds.), Asian Yearbook of International Law (vol. 6, 1996) (pp. 233-283). London: Kluwer Academic Publishers
  • K. Arts (1997). Human Rights and Development Cooperation: An Introduction [in Dutch]. In - (pp. 33-37). The Hague: ISS
  • K. Arts (1996). Implementing the Right to Development? An Assessment of European Community Development Cooperation. In - (pp. 37-71). The Hague: Kluwer Law International
  • K. Arts (1995). European Community Development Cooperation, Human Rights, Democracy and Good Governance: at Odds or at Ease with Each Other? In - (pp. 259-273). Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff
  • K. Arts, P. Peters, N.J. Schrijver & P. van der Sluijs (1994). Part I: Legal and Institutional Aspects. In - (pp. 1-69). London: Kluwer Academic Publishers
  • J.D. Handmaker, K. Arts & I.P. van Staveren (2014, maart 7). ABP en Nederzettingen. Financieele Dagblad, pp. 10-10.
  • K. Arts & J.D. Handmaker (2014, maart 13). Opinie: Kijk kritisch naar banden met Israël. Mare: Leids Universitair Weekblad, pp. 8-8.
  • K. Arts, M. Brus, W. van Genugten, E. Hey, M.T. Kamminga, K. Wellens & R. Wessel (2010, juni 2). Israël handelde in strijd met internationaal recht. NRC Handelsblad, pp. 7.
  • J.D. Handmaker, K. Arts, T. van Boven & H. Verrijn Stuart (2009, januari 14). Spreek Israël aan op geweld in Gaza. Trouw
  • K. ArtsE-module: The Right to Development and Children. online, Interactive E-Learning Module on Operationalizing the Right to Development in Implementing the Sustainable Development Goals.
  • M. Ambrus, K. Arts, E. Hey & H. Raulus (Ed.). (2014). The Role of ' Experts' in International and European Decision-Making Processes: Advisors, Decision Makers or Irrelevant Actors? Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Editorial positions

  • Internationale Spectator

    Member Editorial Board

  • Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights

    Executive Editor

  • Asian Yearbook of International Law

    Associate Editor

  • East African Journal of Peace & Human Rights

    Member International Advisory Editorial Board

Side positions

  • Advisory Committee on Issues of Public International Law (CAVV)

    member

  • Advisory Council on International Affairs (AIV)

    member Human Rights Committee

  • International Law Association

    member International Committee on International Law and Sustainable Development

  • Royal Netherlands International Law Association (Koninklijke Nederlandse Vereniging voor Internationaal Recht, NVIR)

    member general Board

  • Erasmus University Network of Female Professors (Erasmus Netwerk Vrouwlijke Hoogleraren, ENVH)

    member general board

  • The Rights Forum

    advisory board member


Address

Visiting address

Office: G I5-21
Kortenaerkade 12
2518 AX The Hague

Postal address

Postbus 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam
Netherlands